Fredensborg in Denmark, the fort of Peace

On Tuesday, Could 17, 2022, Queen Margrethe II celebrated the three hundredth anniversary of the fort the place she stays on sunny days with the cheering individuals of Fredensborg. She finds there the reminiscences of her predecessors who, for her, tasted this vacation, away from the bustle of town.

In 1719, in the direction of the tip of the Nice Northern Conflict, the place Denmark had been Russia’s ally towards Sweden, King Frederick IV determined to construct a small pleasure palace on the jap shore of Lake Esrum, 30 km south of Copenhagen, on the positioning of the Astrup. farm. He designed the overall thought himself, however entrusted its sensible implementation to architect Johan Cornelius Krieger, royal gardener on the courtroom of Rosenborg.

Three years is sufficient to construct the necessities, in a Baroque type of French inspiration, beneath the route of the grasp normal of buildings, Johan Conrad Ernst, who had already accomplished the development of the Frederiksberg Palace within the capital. A number of skilled grasp builders and craftsmen took half within the challenge, together with the Italians Marcantonio Pelli and Carlo Enrico Brenno, or the Sturmberg brothers, famend Austrian stucco employees.

From 1724 to 1726 Krieger will add a church – Sloskirken – whose altar, embellished with the silver monogram of Frederick IV, is the work of the sculptor Friedrich Ehbisch. You can even admire an altarpiece by Henrik Krock on the theme of the Apocalypse, and a ceiling painted in 2006 by modern artist Per Kirkeby. Even immediately, this chapel is used nearly each Sunday by a neighboring parish. Non secular ceremonies across the royal household nonetheless happen there, such because the affirmation of the longer term Queen Margrethe in 1955, that of her sons in 1981 and 1982, and extra not too long ago in 2021, that of her grandson Christian.

A Baroque type of French inspiration

On July 3, 1720, Denmark, Norway and Sweden conclude a remaining treaty, ending eleven years of battle. The deed is solemnly signed on the positioning of the unfinished palace. Because of this it can take the title of Fredens Borg – the “Citadel of Peace”. The one-and-a-half-story predominant constructing is a 25-meter sq. on one facet, centered on a dome flanked by adjoining rooms. On the entrance, a big octagonal courtyard is bordered by the principle constructing and 7 single-storey wings. You enter by a carriage entrance with a clock and a small arrow above it. Within the heart of the courtyard is a statue of Peace or Unity, which nonetheless exists.

Fredensborg Citadel within the nineteenth century. Portray by Alexei Petrovich Bogoliubov. © Tremendous Artwork Pictures/Heritage Pictures/Getty Pictures

Frederik IV will spend a big a part of the yr in Fredensborg over the past years of his life. Then again, his successor Christian VI will hardly get there. Nonetheless, it was beneath his rule, in 1731, that the chancery was accomplished, to be used by ministers and their workplaces. Nonetheless Baroque, with references to the French regency type, it reveals a easy facade on that are stamped placing ornamental pilasters with the title of Christian VI between two elephant heads. An emblem of energy and knowledge, the elephant can also be the symbol of Denmark’s most venerable knighthood.

Fredensborg Castle.
Fredensborg Citadel, backyard facet. © pejft/Getty Pictures

Returning to the habits of his grandfather, Frederick V, together with his second spouse Juliane-Marie of Brunswick, Fredensborg made his everlasting summer season residence, and that of the courtroom. Main renovation and extension works are due to this fact important, led by the architects Nicolai Eigtved, Laurids de Thurah and Caspar Frederik Harsdorff.

Queen Juliane-Marie, widow, will stay in Fredensborg through the summer season and autumn. However after its disappearance in 1796, the property was as soon as once more deserted. For half a century the buildings, deserted, fell into disrepair. It homes former officers, non-public people take up residence within the rooms of the Octagon. A navy hospital was even established through the Napoleonic Wars…

Christian IX will restore his shine to Fredensborg

In 1863, the accession to the throne of Christian IX of Sonderbourg-Glücksbourg will restore its luster to Fredensborg. Nicknamed the “father-in-law of Europe”, due to the celebrated marriages of his six kids, the brand new king preferred to convey his giant household collectively for the vacations. We’ll thus see the Prince of Wales, the longer term Edward VII, and his spouse Alexandra of Denmark, the sister of the latter, Dagmar, and her husband the Tsar Alexander III of Russia, the King of the Hellenes George I, born William of Denmark…

Fredensborg fell asleep once more firstly of the tragic twentieth century, marked by the 2 world wars. Solely after the loss of life of Frederick IX in 1972, the chancery turned the residence of his widow, Queen Ingrid, till 2000. At this time, their daughter, Margrethe II, lives in Fredensborg within the spring and autumn, whereas Crown Prince Frederik lives together with his household in his grandmother’s outdated condominium each summer season.

The 120-acre park, designed by Krieger, has been enlarged and modified a number of occasions over the centuries. Initially seven alleys from the fort within the form of a fan led to the encircling forest. It was embellished with a powerful program of sculptures, primarily due to the expertise of Johannes Wiedewelt. Latest works have been in a position to restore a few of its splendor and its authentic format, particularly that of the Large Allewhose bushes have been replanted. As well as, a semicircular parterre has been reconstructed in entrance of the fort. In 1995 an orangery was constructed subsequent to the herb backyard. In 2019, in honor of the fiftieth birthday of the Crown Prince, the using faculty was restored and a part of the outdated stables had been refurbished.

Queen Margrethe at Fredensborg Castle during the confirmation of Princess Isabella on April 30, 2022.
Queen Margrethe II, Crown Prince Frederik, Crown Princess Mary, Prince Christian, Princess Isabella, Princess Josephine and Prince Vincent at Fredensborg Citadel throughout Princess Isabella’s affirmation on April 30, 2022. © Patrick van Katwijk/Getty Pictures

It was in Fredensborg, the place the hussars of the Royal Guard – Gardehusarregimentet – stationed all yr spherical, that the Sovereign receives the credentials of the ambassadors and organizes crucial official visits. In line with a customized greater than 150 years outdated, the company of honor who sleep there – princes or heads of state – should engrave their title on one of many home windows of the fort with a diamond pen.

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