In accordance with a statistical report by the Migration Observatory, immigrants in Portugal contributed greater than € 1 billion in social safety contributions in 2020, however solely benefited from € 273 million in social advantages.
One of many report’s indicators, regarding 2019 and 2020, exhibits that “like different social phenomena, there are some misconceptions within the relationship between immigration and social inclusion or social safety”, provided that safety advantages from a optimistic stability. that these folks symbolize.
In accordance with the info contained within the report, this optimistic stability was EUR 884 million in 2019 – “the very best worth ever achieved” – and EUR 802.3 million in 2020.
It’s because within the relationship between foreigners’ contributions and what they profit from the social safety system, immigrants pay a a lot greater quantity than what they’ve again, “a really optimistic and favorable perspective in Portugal”.
For instance, in 2019, the contribution was EUR 995.5 million, however from social advantages they solely acquired EUR 111.1 million, which provides a optimistic stability of EUR 884 million.
In 2020, this optimistic stability barely drops to EUR 802.3 million, making an allowance for that regardless of contributing EUR 1,075.2 million, they benefited from 273 million social advantages.
However, the report states that “as in earlier years”, immigrants present the next contributory capability than nationals, as they’ve 64 payers for each 100 inhabitants, in contrast with 45 Portuguese payers for each 100 inhabitants.
“Foreigners, in comparison with the whole inhabitants of Portugal, nonetheless have fewer beneficiaries of social advantages for all payers: in 2020 the ratio for foreigners is 52 per 100 payers, whereas for the whole variety of inhabitants the ratio is 83 beneficiaries per 100 payers” , we learn within the report.
In the identical 12 months, immigrants symbolize 9.2% of the whole variety of social safety contributors, an ‘unprecedented relative significance (and extra expressive than is perhaps anticipated contemplating they solely make up 6.4% of the resident inhabitants) “.
A sophisticated clarification for this phenomenon is the implementation of the ‘NISS na hora’ measure for foreigners who wish to perform secondary or impartial actions in Portugal and are associated to the social safety system.
Regardless of a excessive social safety contribution and a proportionately low social safety profit, foreigners residing in Portugal “pose a larger danger of poverty and reside with larger materials deprivation”, accounting for 20.2% of the immigrant inhabitants in 2020.
“Nonetheless, these outcomes associated to larger vulnerability, poverty and deprivation of foreigners don’t result in their larger dependence on the nation’s social safety,” the report reads.
The report additionally exhibits that “immigrants play a key position within the effectivity of labor markets”.
“With out immigrants, some sectors and actions would collapse,” he says, noting that they’ve “exercise charges greater than residents” however are nonetheless extra represented in main occupational teams.
In accordance with the info contained within the report, in 2019 Portugal reached an unprecedented variety of 590,348 foreigners residing within the nation (5.7% of the whole variety of inhabitants), exceeding half one million foreigners, and in 2020 this quantity will increase to over 662,000. …
It additionally states that “in 2017, Portugal returns to a optimistic internet migration, which is considerably strengthened in 2019 (+44 506) and 2020 (+41 274), after having a unfavorable internet migration in 2011-2016. stability of migration, on account of a rise in everlasting departures and a discount within the variety of entries to the nation ”.
That is regardless of the results of the Covid-19 pandemic, which has resulted in restrictions on mobility between nations, the closure of borders in 2020 and the definition of latest administrative measures in numerous nations of the world.
“The explanations for the entry of foreigners into the nation have been primarily associated to research, household reunification and retirees,” reads the doc, which warns that not all immigration profiles are of curiosity to the nation given the exacerbated growing older of the inhabitants.
By way of sociodemographic traits, the immigrant inhabitants is especially concentrated in city coastal areas, the variety of males exceeds the variety of girls, there was a rise within the variety of residents from nations similar to Italy, France and the UK, and a decline within the nationality of PALOP (African talking nations) or Japanese Europe.
It ought to be famous that “foreigners nonetheless contribute considerably to Portuguese births”, provided that in 2020 overseas girls accounted for 13.5% of all reside births in Portugal.
“A really vital relative significance when the overseas inhabitants this 12 months is barely 6.4% of the whole inhabitants of the nation,” says the Migration Observatory.
A worth that places Portugal solely 18th within the rating of 27 European nations the place foreigners reside.