Reviewed: Marielle Macé, types. Criticism of our life kindsParis, Gallimard, “ NRF trials », 2016, 358 p., 22 €.
Phrase type continues its irresistible conquest of speeches dedicated to the completely different areas of communication. Ubiquitous within the mainstream media, from the style pages of magazines to sports activities studies, by analyzes of a politician’s picture selections, he entered the French mental world of the essay, due to Marielle Macé, a number of years after italics Fashion as expertise by Pierre Bergounioux (Paris, L’Olivier, 2013).
The arrival of a stylistic of existence
Like every key, types. Criticism of our life kinds opens with a primary chapter establishing the thesis, the sturdy thought to be defended, which is able to assist the following 4 chapters with examples and demonstrations: Fashion questions current themselves as instruments to qualify life » and, due to a really useful adjective derivation, we’re mentioned to be alive « a stylistic second in tradition (p. 25). On web page 12, Marielle Macé had already defined that her purpose was to use Michel Foucault’s program of the seventies and eighties, which known as for an actual “ stylistic of existence an strategy that she believes ought to allow us to decide “U.S” life kinds considered experiences of engagement. We perceive instantly: greater than a proposition, which is a proposition of language, chooses to depend on one in all these phrases with an unsure referent and reluctant to characterize and describe any principle (that is what it is about: naming, figuring out ) practices. The thought drives your complete essay, clearly concluded as a purpose to be achieved: improve our collective mastery of the qualification of the life kinds (p. 316). So type is the identify given to those that wish to speak about life unfolding of a “type of existence” (Marielle Macé quotes Jean-Christophe Bailly, p. 102).
Marielle Macé due to this fact doesn’t suggest, and doesn’t want to suggest in any means, the definition of favor: she makes use of this label to explain life experiences, utilizing G. Agamben’s speculation of a “ type ontology (p. 216). We measure to what extent the phrase, enhanced by its Foucauldian by-product, is suggestive of her. This one “ type is thus the identify given to essentializing properties: modality, distinction and individuation – and Marielle Macé devotes a chapter to every of those properties: that is the plan of her guide, which ends with a chapter summarizing some examples (the type and the anger, the documentary as type, and so on† The references are as quite a few as they’re syncretic and the analyzes are supported by an express and self-conscious empathy. As for the modalities of life, we hold the pages dedicated to the mourning of Barthes (p. 97-99) and to his sickness, which he would have skilled as an actual “ life type The evaluation of distinction as a social exercise is wholly supported by the authority of Bourdieu, whose idea ofbehavior is ideal for the creator’s goal † however we’re additionally grateful on this chapter to Marielle Macé for paying tribute to the good intuitions of Balzac du Treatise on elegant residingwho certainly might have been the primary to observe the brand new stylistic regime what constitutes the distinctive conception of social life? (p. 124) † And amongst different practices of individuation we discover the instance of the dandies. It’s about these practices of individuation as life kinds that Marielle Macé presents one in all her most seductive concepts, but additionally marks the boundary of her strategy to abstraction with the rhythm that, “ configurable and responsive “is” an exemplary dimension of what individuation is: not a given. however a activity, a demanding follow of singularities, completely demanding and out of section (p. 258).
The type from the tongue
For Marielle Macé, type is in all places in life, besides language, or no less than this side does not cease her. It is stunning, however that is the way in which it’s. Marielle Macé doesn’t say a phrase in her whole essay in regards to the linguistic and linguistic or discursive dimension of favor. Even the recurring analyzes of Michaux or Ponge should not analyzes of language, however of psychological representations and conceptualizations. Marielle Macé’s strategy resolutely and completely excludes the linguistic custom of study and outline of favor in language and because the discourse theorized by Bally – this self-discipline that the college calls “ stylistics – to make type and its adjective by-product a time period for aesthetic or sociological evaluation. This surprises and won’t please everybody, but it surely should be admitted that “ stylistics “, agreeing to do with out a type that has by no means been outlined to accept a imprecise and all-encompassing” discourse evaluation », or to substantiate nature by tautology « literary » of the good authors, searched nicely.
As a result of precisely what the affirmation of favor as a life type to be evaluated and judged permits Marielle Macé to place the query of worth, this taboo of stylists, on the forefront of any analytical strategy, and we must be grateful to him. In actuality, “ the vocabulary of favor is a vocabulary of worth (p. 34): “ type does not simply take a look at seems to be † it presupposes the identification of dominant, adjectival schemes, which magnetize consideration, convey out particulars and open a lifetime of variations † † Briefly “ he creates a energy of formreliefs in look, spacing dynamics, punctuation, “values” (p. 21, italics added). In opposition to the form-meaning of Meschonnic misinterpret, misunderstood and caricatured in an newbie detective’s hermeneutics (the signal as a sign of understanding), Marielle Macé opposes the formative pressure of what can solely be understood as effectivity, failure, return, efficiency – and thus after all stay in a communicative regime.
Marielle Macé confirms she does not wish to make sure the triumph of the phrase “type” over different phrases ” – she provides : “ I do not consider truths are in phrases, however in sentences † Nonetheless, this phrase, she writes, is my start line for a query that continues and overflows from the beginning, that of a priority for the life kinds, which is important as we speak with nice scale, however very completely different values and struggles. (p. 36). Marielle Macé is in good concord with herself and we approve of her: along with her inconsiderate on the (linguistic) notion of expression, she didn’t write a guide on type, which was not her intention, however a wonderful testimony guide on up to date practices of expertise, considered form to stay.
To cite this text:
Éric Bordas, “Concerned in type”,
The lifetime of concepts
, March 10, 2017. ISSN: 2105-3030. URL: https://laviedesidees.fr/S-engage-avec-style.html
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