The ensemble of colourful and landscaped homes on Rua Congonhas, on the nook of Rua Leopoldina and Rua Santo Antnio do Monte, preserves a small piece of historic Belo Horizonte, virtually solely occupied by fashionable buildings, within the conventional Bairro Santo Antnio. After years of neglect and work, the homes have returned to the facade and the colours of the time of their development, the oldest proof of which dates again to 1924. The restoration was delivered in January this yr, however the way forward for the buildings continues to be unsure and till in the present day they had been busy.
The youthful reader most likely would not know any of his tales, however these over 40 would possibly bear in mind the enduring home on the nook of Rua Leopoldina and Congonhas, which was the house of Minas Gerais author João Guimares Rosa (1908-1967) and it additionally marked the higher Bohemia of the town within the 70s and 90s. “These homes are a part of the affective reminiscence of the neighborhood. Santo António was made up of people that got here from the countryside and took him to their houses. So, that factor concerning the crochet cloth, the biscuit, they had been modest individuals and, little by little, they’re shedding that identification, “says Emrite professor at UFMG Eliane Marta Santos Teixeira Lopes, who revealed, in 2015, a e-book on Bairro Santo Antonio.
The development of a constructing on the land adjoining to the architectural complicated of 13 homes in 2015 alarmed the neighborhood and defenders of cultural heritage. On the time, the motion of equipment within the development website, going through Congonhas, Leopoldina and Santo Antnio do Monte streets, raised the alarm for a doable destruction of the heritage, in a late eclectic fashion of neo-colonial affect. In 2011, the deliberative council for cultural heritage of the municipality (CDPCM) accredited the development of the work on a number of 28.9 thousand sq. meters, which offered for the restoration of listed properties. Of the 13 houses, seven are personal and 6 are owned by the condominium that constructed the 27-story constructing on the location. On the time, the accountable development firm mentioned the challenge had been accredited for residential use solely.
The State of Minas contacted the condominium supervisor to search out out what to do with the historic complicated, however there was no response. In the present day houses nonetheless have 24-hour safety. Though there isn’t a official definition of what is going to be performed with the residences, residents are speaking on the streets of the neighborhood about what is going to work there. “A query mark. I feel it needs to be a library, an area for recreation, one thing that enhances the tradition of the area”, says retiree Sueli Senna, 60. “He says he’ll now open a restaurant. Nevertheless it’s nonetheless a thriller”, considers the pedagogue Patricia Lara, 62 years previous.
In mid-1929, the creator of “Grande Serto: Veredas” was residing at quantity 415, on the nook of Rua Leopoldina and Congonhas, when he married his first spouse, Lygia Cabral Penna. A replica of the wedding certificates, found in 2015, signifies the residence because the couple’s tackle. The doc, authenticated by Vicente de Paulo Silveira, civil standing officer for the first Zone of BH, is saved on the Superintendence of Museums and Visible Arts, a physique linked to the State Division of Tradition. Along with the information, Vilma Guimares Rosa, daughter of Guimares, has already confirmed in an interview that he lived at residence together with her dad and mom.
A long time later, the constructing, which till a number of years in the past was painted inexperienced, housed the Bar do Lulu, closed twenty years in the past and a well-known a part of the capital’s nightlife. “In 73 it was the golden age of the bar. I did not go there, however I do know that all the things occurred there: music, love, insanity. It was one of many first bars in Belo Horizonte to open 24 hours a day. It was the final refuge of the daybreak, ”says Eliane. The home, now in its authentic shade – a shade of sunshine pink – was the stage for the cinema, used because the setting for the manufacturing of the movie “O Menino Maluquinho”, by Helvcio Ratton.
Nostalgically, 43-year-old civil servant Tatiana Vitrio de Alencar Arraes, who has lived within the neighborhood for greater than 20 years, hopes the road will return to its Bohemian custom. “The evening was very busy as there have been conventional BH eating places and bars. Hope it will get busier once more. an excellent area, near all the things. My dad and mom nonetheless stay within the neighborhood and I come right here usually. It will be attention-grabbing to return ”, she longs for her. For her, homes shouldn’t have the “face” of residential development. “Felt like a village. I do not even know what it would really be, however it would not look residential. It is all very open, “she mentioned.
Over time, the architectural complicated of 13 homes, declared cultural heritage in 2007, has gone by means of a number of phases of occupation. “Folks lived there. It was a really quiet avenue, regardless of the nightlife of the bars. All confused, commerce with housing. On the time of Guimares, I feel they had been simply homes, after which they had been rented to construct these eating places, ”says Patricia Lara. A resident of the neighboring neighborhood, So Pedro, on the border with Santo Antnio, is used to purchasing within the space. “I’ve lived within the area since I used to be a baby, for 60 years. I’m additionally pleased with these homes, I fell in love. I wished to stay right here, “she mentioned.
The challenge that served as the premise for the 1947 restorations was carried out by the Brazilian Workplace of Engineering and Structure. In 2019 a common revision of the restoration challenge of the 13 buildings passed off, with a suggestion for the restoration of the primary stylistic parts, equivalent to home windows, compositional parts, exterior wall buildings, roofs and facet and entrance facades. “It has a hall with a small sq., fantastic. There, all the things was a store. It wasn’t like that, it was a hall, however there was a restaurant, a clothes retailer, garments repairs and now it’s, ”says Patricia.
These passing by means of Rua Congonhas in the present day solely reward the restoration of the properties, however many residents nonetheless complain of the constructing being constructed on the land and declare that it obstructed the view. “I did not like the development of this skyscraper. I feel it has compromised the attribute of the neighborhood, which is a residential neighborhood, homes. Actual property hypothesis has taken over ”, complains pensioner Sueli Senna. “Sant’Antonio is one other in the present day. The neighborhood has grow to be this toothpick holder, stuffed with buildings. Folks even need buildings from the Nineteen Seventies to appear to be they’re in the present day. I’m very skeptical of individuals’s response to this rampant urbanization, ”agrees Eliane.
from the area and the town
Based on the architect and concrete planner Flvio Carsalade, the conservation and restoration of property are vital to guard the cultural identification of a given area. “Outdated buildings usually are not essentially previous, they are often the ‘treasure chest’ for the brand new generations and this will depend on the worth and care that’s given to them,” he factors out. Professor Eliane integrates and reinforces the significance of this for the development of the town’s identification. “Particular person recollections can construct collective recollections. And with out collective reminiscence a metropolis tends to haven’t any identification. That is why this conservation is so vital, ”he says.
The beginnings of Bairro Santo Antnio, which we all know in the present day as one of the vital well-liked neighborhoods within the metropolis, had been rural. The home the place Guimares Rosa lived is situated within the protecting perimeter of the Bairro Santo Antnio City Complicated, born with the occupation of land on two up to date farms in Arraial do Curral Del Rey. The western a part of the district, which reaches the Avenida Prudente de Morais, corresponds to part of the traditional Fazenda do Leito. The japanese half, the place the listed homes are situated, originates from the traditional Fazenda do Capo. The Nineteen Seventies marked the occupation of the higher elements of the district, beginning the method of verticalization and densification.
- The oldest paperwork of the properties date again to 1924 and 1925. The proprietor was João Trajano dos Santos.
- The challenge which served as the premise for the 1947 restorations and was carried out by the Brazil Workplace of Engineering and Structure
- Artwork kinds confer with simplified neocolonial, eclecticism and artwork dco
- The set was the setting for the movie “O Menino Maluquinho” (1995). It was the house of the author Guimares Rosa and housed conventional bohemian bars in BH
- In 2007 the homes had been surveyed by the Deliberative Council of Cultural Heritage of the Municipality (CDPCM)
- In 2011 the CDPCM accredited the development of a Canopus Desenvolvimento Imobilirio Ltda challenge within the coronary heart of block 13, the block housing the homes, which concerned the restoration of listed properties.
- In 2019 there was a common overhaul of the restoration challenge of the 13 buildings