Mozart in Salzburg, Wagner in Bayreuth… Composers have generally left their mark on a spot, to the purpose that they’re inextricably linked with it as we speak. A brief tour of Germanic lands, the place 5 cities nonetheless bear the stamp of an emblematic musician.
Mozart is ubiquitous in Salzburg, from concert events to sweets
In Salzburg you shouldn’t miss Mozart. His picture is in all places, even on souvenirs and containers of chocolate. Town is proud to have hosted the beginning of one of many biggest composers, simply over 350 years in the past. It was additionally in Salzburg that the ex-prodigy discovered his first job within the service of the then most vital determine within the metropolis: the Prince-Archbishop. Earlier than he had a disaster of independence and fired each his authoritarian father and his boss. Consequently, he moved to Vienna. Town bears no grudge towards the pricey youngster. Mozart’s birthplace will be visited, and the pageant that Karajan – one other resident of the nation – directed for nearly 30 years, offers a outstanding place to Wolfgang’s works yearly, whereas being some of the vital occasions within the music world.
Strauss’ waltzes have been sounding in Vienna for 150 years
Vienna is undoubtedly some of the fascinating cities of music. Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms and Mahler lived there and created their works. But when there’s one composer whose capital is inseparable within the minds of Viennese – and vacationers – it’s in fact Johann Strauss. It might be extra correct to talk of the Strauss household, since to the 2 Johannes – senior and junior – we should add the opposite two sons, Josef and Eduard. Yearly on January 1, their waltzes sound within the corridor of the Musikverein through the conventional New Yr’s live performance. Whereas within the Stadtpark a golden statue of Johann Son pays tribute to his expertise by representing him together with his violin.
In Bayreuth, Wagner left a musical temple devoted to his personal works
A room specifically geared up for his personal music: all composers have dreamed of it; Wagner did. Making the most of the real cult he had aroused in his patron, King Ludwig II of Bavaria, in 1864 the composer demanded the development of a theater to symbolize the opera he was writing: The ring of the Nibelungs, giant lyrical fresco in 4 elements. The sovereign – and above all his ministers! – however, was a bit shocked on the monumental price, a lot in order that the work didn’t start till 1872. 4 years later, the Festspielhaus was inaugurated by the primary full efficiency of the tetralogy† Wagner, whose scruples by no means choked him, additionally had a home constructed close by, the Villa Wahnfried. Wagner’s descendants donated it to town of Bayreuth in 1973. It now homes the Richard Wagner Museum, in addition to an archive and analysis middle. As for the theater, it’s distinguished for its acoustics, for the format of the amphitheater, and above all for the partially lined orchestra pit. The composer’s megalomania and the idolatry of his patron have stood the take a look at of time, as solely works by Wagner are programmed – except for the ninth symphony by Beethoven. The repute of the place is so legendary that it’s a must to wait a mean of 10 years to attend a efficiency!
CPE Bach performed harpsichord for Frederick II in Potsdam
Frederick II of Prussia is extra of a patron than a patron. Little question for Carl Philip Emanuel Bach to drive him loopy. Quite, it will be the alternative. Not less than the prince is a musician, and even fairly gifted within the matter. Flutist, he additionally dabbled in composition. The second son of Johann Sebastian Bach entered the service of Frederick II in 1738 because the harpsichordist of his room. A very good place. Particularly because the prince took the throne two years later. The courtroom is positioned in Berlin, however spends the summer season months about twenty kilometers from the capital, in Potsdam. The king had a summer season residence constructed within the Rococo type: Sans-Souci, which is now on the UNESCO World Heritage Listing.
Francophile and obsessed with philosophy, the monarch “lit” receives Voltaire there. Music is the primary recreation of this tough employee, who works all his life for the unity and prosperity of his kingdom. CPE Bach remained in his service for 30 years, however grew uninterested in courtroom life and took a put up in Hamburg in 1768.
Mahan Esfahani within the Harpsichord Concerto in D minor Wq. 23 by CPE Bach, accompanied by the Collegium Musicum of Hong Kong
Mendelssohn carried out the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra for 12 years
In Leipzig, Baroque lovers will instantly consider Bach, this time the daddy. Certainly, Jean-Sébastien spent nearly half of his life there, and he was affectionately often known as the “Leipzig Cantor”† However there’s one other composer whose title is deeply linked to this metropolis, and who additionally contributed to the rediscovery of Bach’s works within the first half of the nineteenth century: Mendelssohn. Already a acknowledged composer on the age of 26, he moved to Leipzig, attracted by the place of director of the Gewandhaus. He likes to play his contemporaries, particularly his good friend Schumann, but in addition composers of the previous resembling Handel. He remained on the head of the distinguished orchestra till his demise in 1847. You’ll be able to go to his house as we speak.
Sixtine de Gournay