When Dom Pedro I left Rio de Janeiro for São Paulo, the place he declared Brazil’s independence, he traveled via the Paraíba Valley and traversed a number of lives within the area that lies between the south of Rio de Janeiro state and the jap cone of São Paulo, a really affluent space that dominated espresso cultivation in 1822. Alongside these routes had been a number of farms and mansions owned by Captains-mor, army officers accountable for commanding the Ordenança troops in every metropolis.
Within the final 200 years of historical past, the area has modified utterly, it has gone via a interval of monetary decline, as Monteiro Lobato recounts within the e-book “Cidades Mortas”, by which he describes the chapter of espresso farmers and the lack of espresso worth farms and the slaves who stored them there. Nevertheless, some buildings and church buildings that Dom Pedro I handed between August 14 and 25, 1822 nonetheless stand and at the moment are vacationer sights in Vale do Paraíba.
The then-Prince Regent left his spouse, Maria Leopoldina, at Quinta da Boa Vista in downtown Rio de Janeiro and rode the Actual Estrada de Santa Cruz (now referred to as the Rodovia Presidente Dutra) to São Paulo in a small entourage of simply 5 individuals, in line with Folks , with the intention of creating Brazil an impartial nation. At the moment, Dom João 6º’s son had by no means left the capital of Brazil (that was Rio de Janeiro), so he used the route to fulfill individuals and keep away from a potential separatist revolt, which had already occurred in some international locations in America Spanish.
At first, Pedro stayed together with his entourage on the Fazenda de Santa Cruz, owned by the imperial household, nonetheless within the metropolis of Rio de Janeiro, in what’s now the Santa Cruz district. A form of vacation residence for kings, this place now homes the Battalion of the Villagran Cabrita Faculty of Engineering. The facade of the constructing has misplaced a few of its important options, together with a small tower on the left within the heart, however a lot of the structure has been preserved. It isn’t potential to go to the inside, however vacationers can not less than see the facade of this historic constructing, positioned at Praça Ruão, 35, Santa Cruz, in Rio’s West Zone.
The journey continued the following day and reached the Fazenda Três Barras. [foto na galeria], within the municipality of Bananal, to go to Captain Hilário Gomes de Almeida. The mansion nonetheless exists however has undergone a number of renovations and now not retains its unique options. A farmhouse operated on the positioning till 2019, however the homeowners introduced the tip of actions in a Fb publish. “Expensive buddies and clients, I wish to categorical my heartfelt thanks for the corporate, partnership and affection throughout these nearly 10 years, however sadly the administration of the resort now not belongs to me and Robson,” wrote businessman Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves. The property (Rodovia dos Tropeiros, km 320 s/n – rural space) is on the market for R$ 5.5 million.
The following day the delegation stopped in São José do Barreiro, extra exactly on the Pau D’Alho Farm. [foto na galeria], which belonged to Colonel João Ferreira Guimarães and moved there together with his household on the finish of the Gold Cycle in Minas Gerais, starting of the Espresso Age and have become referred to as “O Velho da Serra”. Dom Pedro raced throughout the road together with his companions and arrived first on the property, requesting meals on the farm. With out understanding who it was, the one that answered stated they might be ready for the Prince Regent and the boy might eat within the kitchen with the maids and slaves. And he did. After all the pieces was settled, the colonel and his son joined the entourage.
The location is likely one of the greatest preserved of those 200 years, having been acquired by the federal authorities to be changed into a nationwide espresso museum. In response to the town’s official tourism web site, the farm was restored, however the mission by no means materialized. It was open to the general public for many years however has been closed lately. It’s managed by the IPHAN (Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional), which has now signed a partnership with the Metropolis Corridor for its reopening and use. The go to takes place from Thursday to Saturday from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. and on Sunday from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. It is very important contact the placement earlier than going there.
After lunch, Pedro continued his method to the house of Captain Normal Domingos da Silva in Areias, a neighboring city. There he stayed in what’s now the Lodge Santana. [foto na galeria], which preserves the identical architectural options of the time and is listed as a historic cultural heritage. Whereas the monarch stayed in his room, the troops accompanying him stayed beneath an enormous fig tree that also stands there. The municipality’s tourism web site has a devoted web page concerning the facility, however there is no such thing as a reserving data. iG Turismo additionally tried to contact them by telephone however acquired no response till this text was closed. The resort is positioned at Rua Comendador Sampaio, 15, Centro.
The next day, the 18th, the prince continued his journey and had lunch in Porto Cachoeira, at present Cachoeira Paulista. At night time Dom Pedro arrived in Lorena. There he rested on the residence of the defunct Captain Normal Ventura José de Abreu, made political contacts and planted the primary palm seedling on the road now referred to as Rua das Palmeiras. He additionally visited the Casa de Câmara, the jail and the Church of the Rosário dos Homens Pretos. [foto na galeria], which at present has been renamed Igreja do Rosário (Praça Cap. Mor Manoel Pereira Silva, s/n). The place nonetheless exists however has undergone a number of renovations, most lately in 2018. It is free to go to, however you will must verify opening hours so you do not discover it closed.
The group continued the journey on the nineteenth in direction of Guaratinguetá, the place Pedro stayed on the home of Captain Normal Manoel José de Melo, additionally defunct. Throughout the town, the entourage recruited new members and strengthened the glory guard. The Prince Regent nonetheless managed to succeed in the city of Aparecida, the place there was a small chapel devoted to Nossa Senhora Aparecida, discovered nearly a century earlier, in 1717, on the Paraíba do Sul river. There he prayed and, in line with historian Paulo Rezzutti, promised that he would change into patron saint of Brazil by Nossa Senhora Aparecida if it grew to become impartial, which didn’t occur: Pedro selected São Pedro de Alcântara as patron saint.
This chapel, which the entourage handed, now not exists and a bigger church, now referred to as the Outdated Basilica, was constructed on the identical website in 1888. [foto na galeria], within the city of Aparecida. There’s a marble stone pill on the church wall that claims that Dom Pedro handed there together with his group on August 20, 1822. The location is open to guests and is positioned in Praça Nossa Sra. Aparecida, s/nr.
In Pindamonhangaba, Pedro stayed within the villa of Monsignor Ignacio Marcondes de Oliveira Cabral, which now not exists. The passage via the town brought about nice uproar and many individuals utilized to go to São Paulo with the prince, together with the municipality, who erected a memorial within the central sq.. [foto na galeria] in honor of those residents. The small obelisk with an eagle stands on the Praça Monsenhor Marcondes, within the heart of the town.
Prince is having enjoyable too
The journey continued to Taubaté on August 21, the place the rising group stayed on the home of Canon Antônio Moreira da Costa, which now not exists. The Prince Regent visited the Santa Clara Convent [foto na galeria], which is positioned at Praça Anchieta, s/nº – Centro and may be visited by appointment. He additionally attended Pilar’s Church [foto na galeria], at present the chapel of Nossa Senhora do Pilar (Rua Dona Chiquinha de Mattos, s/nº, Centro) and which isn’t accessible to guests. The location was as soon as a museum of sacred artwork and is at the moment closed for renovation of the whole constructing. The 2 websites retain the identical structure from 200 years in the past.
An attention-grabbing element concerning the city is that there was a currutela there and Pedro, already referred to as Flirt, couldn’t resist a pleasant night. There, historians say, he couldn’t resist the charms of the ladies and spent the night time within the metropolis. Earlier than leaving, he acquired a title of peerage, was acquired by the elite, gave orders, wrote a letter to Princess Maria Leopoldina, and recruited new members en path to the capital, São Paulo.
On the twenty second, Dom Pedro stayed in Jacareí on the home of Captain Normal Cláudio José Machado, which now not exists. An iconic story that occurred within the metropolis was that the prince needed to cross a bit of the Paraíba do Sul river, however the ferry was on the opposite aspect. With out pondering, he jumped into the water on his horse and was cheered by the individuals who had been eagerly awaiting him. When he bought there his pants had been very moist and he requested Adriano Gomes Vieira de Almeida, a Taubatean current there, to vary his garments and promised that he would return to return the pants, however nobody is aware of if that occurred.
Persevering with their journey, the group arrived in Mogi das Cruzes on August 23 and stayed on the home of Captain Normal Francisco de Mello, who now not exists, and attended Mass in what was then the church of Sant’Ana [foto na galeria], at present the cathedral of the identical identify. It’s positioned on Rua Dr. Paulo Frontin, 366 – Centro, and is open to guests Monday via Friday from 8:30 a.m. to eight:30 p.m., Saturday from 7:30 a.m. to eight:30 p.m. and Sunday from 7 a.m. to 12 p.m. and from 4:30 p.m. to eight:30 p.m.
The final cease for Pedro and his entourage earlier than arriving in São Paulo was Penha de França, now connected to the capital. He stayed there on the twenty fourth and attended one other Mass in the primary church, now referred to as the Basilica of Nossa Senhora da Penha [foto na galeria]. Regardless of the renovations, the positioning nonetheless retains a lot of the architectural options of the interval. The handle is Rua Santo Afonso, 199, Penha de França, it’s open to guests, Lots are held Mondays at 5:00 p.m., Tuesday to Friday at 7:15 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Saturdays at 7:30 a.m. and 16 :00 p.m. and Sundays at 9:30 a.m.
Lastly, on the twenty fifth, the group accomplished the lengthy journey and arrived within the capital, the place they had been greeted with nice celebration and honors. Pedro was cheered by metropolis councillors, non secular and the inhabitants in entrance of the Igreja do Carmo. In response to Rezzutti, the Church of the Third Order [foto na galeria] is the one place that’s nonetheless standing and is positioned on Av. Rangel Pestana, 230-Se. The opening occasions are Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 2 p.m.